Poole’s Maritime History in Timeline

  • 1565

    Thomas Button is Born

  • 1568

    Elizabeth I grants charter to Poole

  • 1568
    Town and County of Poole (admiral and admiral court), one of only 16 in the country.
  • 1574
    Just 1373 people lived in Poole.

  • 1577
    French and Spanish piracy troubling Elizabeth’s I diplomacy
  • 1578
    Elizabeth I appoints commissioners to deal with problems in Poole’s waters
    – Mayor, recorder and four others
  • 1578
    Francis Rogers of Poole implicated in piracy; brother Sir Richard Rogers protects him.
  • 1580
    Drake returns to Plymouth after circumnavigation of world
  • 1581
    43 pirate vessels seized by Royal Navy ships off Dorset

  • 1583

    Nine pirates hanged on Studland beach

    Gilbert claims Newfoundland for Queen Elizabeth I
  • 1584

    Sir Walter Raleigh founds Virginia

1585 – 1600
Poole’s Newfoundland interests grow
Poole’s herd of cows led out onto heath every day
Poole’s port imports exceed exports
  • 1585
    Button enters naval service

  • 1586
    Privy Council hands powers of country to Poole to defend its waters
  • 1588

    Poole cannot afford to donate to Armada fleet

    Drake defeats the Spanish Armada

  • 1596
    English fleet sacks Cadiz
  • 1600
    French fur traders establish colony in Canada

  • 1603
    Elizabeth I dies, James I crowned

  • 1604
    England makes peace with Spain
  • 1605
    Gunpowder Plot

  • 1608
    Henry Hudson searches for the North West Passage

  • 1611
    Henry Hudson marooned by mutineers
  • 1612
    Button commands search for North West Passage
    Pirate Eston raids Newfoundland fishery
1600 – 1612
Poole’s tobacco pipe trade begins
seasonal fishing camps in newfoundland
  • 1613
    Button returns to England
  • 1614
    Mainwaring (English Barbary pirate) raids Newfoundland fishery

  • 1615
    Coal: a cheaper substitute for firewood

  • 1616
    Button Knighted

  • 1618
    Calvert attempts settlement in Avalon Newfoundland

  • 1620
    Button sail in Algiers raid
    Pilgrim Fathers’ Mayflower arrives at Cape Cod
    Poole has four Inns, 18 Alehouses
1612 – 1638
Newfoundland important to Poole but piracy a problem, convoys tried but some years no boats go out
1618 – 1648
Thirty Years’ war involving most European states
1628 – 1670
Growth in clay movements by sea from Poole
Tension between early settlers (planters) and fishermen in Newfoundland
  • 1624
    Tobacco gains popularity
  • 1625

    James I dies; Charles I crowned

  • 1626
    Poole’s first clay coastal shipping recorded

  • 1630

    England makes peace with France and Spain

  • 1632

    ‘Fame’ wrecked in Swash Channel

  • 1634
    Button dies (68)
    Charles I re-introduces Ship Money, taxes to support the national defences
  • 1640
    Massachusetts Bay colonists grow rich on cod fishing

  • 1641
    First sugar factory built in Barbados

  • 1642
    Poole takes the side of Parliament in the civil wars

  • 1643
    Royalists attack Poole but are defeated

  • 1644

    Battle of Marston Moor; victory for Oliver Cromwell

  • 1645

    Henry Harding’s perambulation – The ‘Beating’ of the Bounds Ceremony in Poole

  • 1649

    Charles I beheaded

  • 1651
    Civil wars end
  • 1653

    Oliver Cromwell proclaimed Lord Protector

  • 1653

    George Fox founder of Quakers visits Poole, several merchants are Quakers

    Rum instituted aboard warships to replace beer

  • 1656
    War between England and Spain
  • 1660
    Poole’s Coastal shipping grows
    Charles II and the monarchy restored
1660 – 1685
Government policy for settlement to begin in Newfoundland
Poole’s Coastal shipping grows
Charles II and the monarchy restored.
  • 1665
    English fishery processing described by Yonge
  • 1665
    Black Death strikes and 60,000 Londoners die

  • 1666
    ‘The Great Fire of London’

  • 1670

    John Bennett born in Poole

  • 1670
    Settlement accepted in Newfoundland

  • 1670
    Growth in demand for Poole’s clay, from London by sea

  • 1672

    Royal Company founded by England to exploit African slave trade

  • 1676

    Slaves purchased in Africa, sold for 10 times as much in America

  • 1679

    Woodes Rogers is born

1680 – 1720
Europe enters 40 years period of economic difficulty.
  • 1684
    ‘The word America’ appears in writing for the first time
  • 1685
    Charles II dies
  • 1688
    Elizabeth Hyde and her husband pass messages between Mary in the Hague and Prince William of Orange in north Dorset on his march to London.
  • 1688
    ‘The Glorious Revolution’ William of Orange sent for, to be king

  • 1690
    Rogers family moves to Bristol

    Dramatic rise in New World Piracy
  • 1691
    Bennett family moves to Barking
  • 1694

    Peter Jolliffe receives gold medal from King for capture of French privateer

    Bank of England chartered

  • 1695
    William Thompson also gets gold medal

    Bennett sails to Virginia

  • 1698
    Sir Peter Thompson born (died 1770)
    Parliament opens the slave trade to British merchants

  • 1700
    Death of Carlos II, king of Spain, causes war of the Spanish Succession

1692 – 1700
Open hostility with French in Newfoundland.
Poole trade suffers.
Population of London said to be 550,000.
  • 1701

    Pirate William Kidd hanged in London

  • 1702

    Death of William II; succeeded by Queen Anne, last monarch of the house of stuart.

1696 – 1698
Sir William Whestsome provides protection to newfoundland Convoy and fishery.
4000 people on Newfoundland English shore.
  • 1704
    British forces capture Gibraltar.

    87 High Street built.
  • 1707
    England and Scotland create Great Britain
  • 1708
    Bennett sails to Archangel, Russia. Rogers sets off around the world

  • 1711
    Rogers returns a national hero.

    British troops attack French in Canada
  • 1712
    Bennett sails in the Cape.

1713 – Onwards
Treaty of Utrecht declared , peace reigns in Europe, international trade flourishes, piracy falls away.
Newfoundland becomes a British colony.
Purbeck stone shipped from Poole in increasing quantity.
  • 1713
    Treaty of Utrecht declared, Newfoundland becomes a British colony.
  • 1714
    Death of Queen Anne; King George I crowned
  • 1715
    Death of Louis XIV

  • 1717
    John Bennett dies at age 47

  • 1718
    Bank of England issues Bank notes.
    Rogers sets off for Nassau with 150 men at arms

  • 1719
    Edward Teach ‘Blackbeard’ killed in North Carolina
  • 1721
    Rogers returns penniless from the Bahamas
  • 1726
    The first school established in Newfoundland
  • 1727
    End of Piracy’s ‘Golden Age’

    Quakers object to slave trade
  • 1728
    Rogers goes out again to Bahamas as Royal Governor
  • 1732
    Rogers dies aged 53 in New Providence Nassau, Bahamas.