Thomas Button is Born
Elizabeth I grants charter to Poole
Town and County of Poole (admiral and admiral court), one of only 16 in th country.
Just 1373 people lived in Poole.
French and Spanish piracy troubling Elizabeth’s I diplomacy
Elizabeth I appoints commissioners to deal with problems in Poole’s waters – Mayor, recorder and four others
Francis Rogers of Poole implicated in piracy; brother Sir Richard Roger protects him.
Drake returns to Plymouth after circumnavigation of world
43 pirate vessels seized by Royal Navy ships off Dorset
Nine pirates hanged on Studland beach
Gilbert claims Newfoundland for Queen Elizabeth I
Sir Walter Raleigh founds Virginia
Button enters naval service
Privy Council hands powers of country to Poole to defend its waters
Poole cannot afford to donate to Armada fleet
Drake defeats the Spanish Armada
English fleet sacks Cadiz
French fur traders establish colony in Canada
Elizabeth I dies, James I crowned
England makes peace with Spain
Henry Hudson searches for the North West Passage
Henry Hudson marooned by mutineers
Button commands search for North West Passage
Pirate Eston raids Newfoundland fishery
Button returns to England
Mainwaring (English Barbary pirate) raids Newfoundland fishery
Coal: a cheaper substitute for firewood
Calvert attempts settlement in Avalon Newfoundland
Button sail in Algiers raid
Pilgrim Fathers’ Mayflower arrives at Cape Cod
Poole has four Inns, 18 Alehouses
1600 – 1612
- Poole’s tabaco pipe trade begins
- Seasonal fishing camps in Newfoundland
1612 – 1638
- Newfoundland important to Poole but piracy a problem, convoys tried but some years no boats go out
1618 – 1648
- Thirty years’ war involving most European states
Tabaco gains popularity
James I dies; Charles I crowned
Poole’s first clay coastal shipping recorded
England makes peace with France and Spain
‘Fame’ wrecked in Swash Channel
Button dies (68)
Charles I re-introduces ship Money, taxes to support the national defences
Massachusetts Bay colonists grow rich on cod fishing
First sugar factory built in Barbados
Poole takes the side of Parliament in the civil wars
Royalists attack Poole but are defeated
Battle of Marston Moor; victory for Oliver Cromwell
Henry Harding’s perambulation – The ‘Beating’ of the Bounds Ceremony
Charles I beheaded
1628 – 1670
- Growth in clay movements by sea from Poole/tension between early settlers (planers) and fishermen in Newfoundland
1660 – 1685
- Government policy for settlement to begin in Newfoundland
- Poole’s Coastal shipping grows
- Charles II and the monarchy restored.
Civil wars end
Oliver Cromwell proclaimed Lord Protector
George Fox founder of Quakers visits Poole, several merchants are Quakers
Rum instituted aboard warships to replace beer
War between England and Spain
Poole’s Coastal shipping grows
Charles II and the monarchy restored
English fishery processing described by Yonge
Black Death strikes and 60,000 Londoners die
‘The Great Fire of London’
Growth in demand for Poole’s clay, from London by sea
Royal Company founded by England to exploit African slave trade
Slaves purchased in Africa, sold for 10 times as much in America
John Bennet born in Poole
Settlement accepted in Newfoundland
The word ‘America’ appears in writing for the first time
Charles II dies
Woodes Rogers is born
‘The Glorious Revolution’ William of Orange sent for, to be king
Rogers family moves to Bristol
Dramatic rise in New World Piracy
Bennett family moves to Barking
Peter Joliffe receives gold medal from King for capture of French privateer
Bank of England chartered
William Thompson also gets gold medal
Bennett sails to Virginia
Sir Peter Thompson born (died 1770)
Parliament opens the slave trade to British merchants
Death of Carlos II, king of Spain, causes war of the Spanish Succession
Pirate William Kidd hanged in London
Death of William II; succeeded by Queen Anne, last monarch of the house of stuart.
1680 – 1720
- Europe enters 40 years period of economic difficulty.
1692 – 1700
- Open hostility with French in Newfoundland. Poole trade suffers. Population of London said to be 550,000.
British forces capture Gibraltar.
87 High street built.
England and Scotland create Great Britain
Bennett sails to Archangel, Russia. Rogers sets off around the world
Roger returns a national hero.
British troops attack French in Canada
Treaty of Utrecht declared, Newfoundland becomes a British colony. Bennett (1712) sails in the Cape.
1713 – Onwards
- Treaty of Utrecht declared , international trade flourishes, piracy ‘falls away’.
- Newfoundland becomes a British colony.
- Purbeck stone shipped from Poole in increasing quantity.
Death of Queen Anna; King George I crowned
Death of Louis XIV
John Bennett dies at age 47
Bank of England issues Bank notes.
Roger sets off for Nassau with 150 men at arms
Edward Teach ‘Blackbeard’ killed in North Caroline
Roger returns penniless from the Bahamas
The first school established in Newfoundland
End of Piracy’s ‘Golden Age’
Quakers object to slave trade
Roger goes out again to Bahamas as Royal Governor
Rogers dies aged 63 in New Providence Nassau, Bahamas.