Poole’s Maritime History in Timeline

 
1565

Thomas Button is Born



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1565
 
1568


Elizabeth I grants charter to Poole

Town and County of Poole (admiral and admiral court), one of only 16 in th country.

 
1568
 
1574

Just 1373 people lived in Poole.

 

 
1574
 
1577

French and Spanish piracy troubling Elizabeth’s I diplomacy

 

 
1577
 
1578

Elizabeth I appoints commissioners to deal with problems in Poole’s waters – Mayor, recorder and four others



Francis Rogers of Poole implicated in piracy; brother Sir Richard Roger protects him.

 
1578
 
1580

Drake returns to Plymouth after circumnavigation of world

 

 
1580
 
1581

43 pirate vessels seized by Royal Navy ships off Dorset

 

 
1581
 
1583

Nine pirates hanged on Studland beach



Gilbert claims Newfoundland for Queen Elizabeth I

 

 
1583
 
1584

Sir Walter Raleigh founds Virginia

 

 
1584
 
1585

Button enters naval service

 

 
1585
 
1586

Privy Council hands powers of country to Poole to defend its waters

 

 
1586
 
1588

Poole cannot afford to donate to Armada fleet

Drake defeats the Spanish Armada

 
1588
 
1596

English fleet sacks Cadiz

 

 
1596
 
1600

French fur traders establish colony in Canada

 

 
1600
 
1603

Elizabeth I dies, James I crowned

 

 
1603

1585 – 1600

  • Poole’s Newfoundland interests grows
  • Poole’s herd of cows led out onto heath every day
  • Poole’s port imports exceed exports
 
1604

England makes peace with Spain

 

 
1604
 
1605

Gunpowder Plot

 

 
1605
 
1608

Henry Hudson searches for the North West Passage

 

 
1608
 
1611

Henry Hudson marooned by mutineers

 

 
1611
 
1612

Button commands search for North West Passage

Pirate Eston raids Newfoundland fishery

 
1612
 
1613

Button returns to England

 

 
1613
 
1614

Mainwaring (English Barbary pirate) raids Newfoundland fishery

 

 
1614
 
1615

Coal: a cheaper substitute for firewood

 

 
1615
 
1616

Button Knighted

 

 
1616
 
1618

Calvert attempts settlement in Avalon Newfoundland

 

 
1618
 
1620

Button sail in Algiers raid

Pilgrim Fathers’ Mayflower arrives at Cape Cod

Poole has four Inns, 18 Alehouses

 
1620

1600 – 1612

  • Poole’s tabaco pipe trade begins
  • Seasonal fishing camps in Newfoundland

1612 – 1638

  • Newfoundland important to Poole but piracy a problem, convoys tried but some years no boats go out

1618 – 1648

  • Thirty years’ war involving most European states
 
1624

Tabaco gains popularity

 

 
1624
 
1625

James I dies; Charles I crowned

 
1625
 
1626

Poole’s first clay coastal shipping recorded

 

 
1626
 
1630

England makes peace with France and Spain

 
1630
 
1632

‘Fame’ wrecked in Swash Channel

 
1632
 
1634

Button dies (68)

Charles I re-introduces ship Money, taxes to support the national defences

 
1634
 
1640

Massachusetts Bay colonists grow rich on cod fishing

 

 
1640
 
1641

First sugar factory built in Barbados

 

 
1641
 
1642

Poole takes the side of Parliament in the civil wars

 

 
1642
 
1643

Royalists attack Poole but are defeated

 

 
1643
 
1644

Battle of Marston Moor; victory for Oliver Cromwell

 
1644
 
1645

Henry Harding’s perambulation – The ‘Beating’ of the Bounds Ceremony

 

 
1645
 
1649

Charles I beheaded

 
1649

1628 – 1670

  • Growth in clay movements by sea from Poole/tension between early settlers (planers) and fishermen in Newfoundland
Ship Money
Events from Battle of Marston Moor

1660 – 1685

  • Government policy for settlement to begin in Newfoundland
  • Poole’s Coastal shipping grows
  • Charles II and the monarchy restored.
 
1651

Civil wars end

 

 
1651
 
1653

Oliver Cromwell proclaimed Lord Protector

 
1653
 
1653

George Fox founder of Quakers visits Poole, several merchants are Quakers

Rum instituted aboard warships to replace beer

 
1653
 
1656

War between England and Spain

 

 
1656
 
1660

Poole’s Coastal shipping grows

Charles II and the monarchy restored

 
1660
 
1663

English fishery processing described by Yonge

 

 
1663
 
1665

Black Death strikes and 60,000 Londoners die

 

 
1665
 
1666

‘The Great Fire of London’

 

 
1666
 
1670

Growth in demand for Poole’s clay, from London by sea

 

 
1670
 
1672

Royal Company founded by England to exploit African slave trade

 
1672
 
1676

Slaves purchased in Africa, sold for 10 times as much in America

 

 
1676
 
1679

John Bennet born in Poole



Settlement accepted in Newfoundland

 

 
1679

 

1696 – 1698

  • Sir William Whetsome provides protection to Newfoundland Convoy and fishery. 4000 people on Newfoundland English shore.
 
1681

The word ‘America’ appears in writing for the first time

 

 
1681
 
1685

Charles II dies

Woodes Rogers is born

 
1685
 
1688

‘The Glorious Revolution’ William of Orange sent for, to be king

 

 
1688
 
1690

Rogers family moves to Bristol

Dramatic rise in New World Piracy

 

 
1690
 
1691

Bennett family moves to Barking

 

 
1691
 
1694

Peter Joliffe receives gold medal from King for capture of French privateer

Bank of England chartered

 
1694
 
1695

William Thompson also gets gold medal

Bennett sails to Virginia

 

 
1695
 
1698

Sir Peter Thompson born (died 1770)

Parliament opens the slave trade to British merchants

 
1698
 
1700

Death of Carlos II, king of Spain, causes war of the Spanish Succession

 

 
1700
 
1701

Pirate William Kidd hanged in London

 
1701
 
1702

Death of William II; succeeded by Queen Anne, last monarch of the house of stuart.

 

 
1702

1680 – 1720

  • Europe enters 40 years period of economic difficulty.

1692 – 1700

  • Open hostility with French in Newfoundland. Poole trade suffers. Population of London said to be 550,000.

 

 
 
1704

British forces capture Gibraltar.

87 High street built.

 

 
1704
 
1707

England and Scotland create Great Britain

 

 
1707
 
1708

Bennett sails to Archangel, Russia. Rogers sets off around the world

 

 
1708
 
1711

Roger returns a national hero.

British troops attack French in Canada

 

 
1711
 
1713

Treaty of Utrecht declared, Newfoundland becomes a British colony. Bennett (1712) sails in the Cape.

 

 
1713
 

1713 – Onwards

  • Treaty of Utrecht declared , international trade flourishes, piracy ‘falls away’.
  • Newfoundland becomes a British colony.
  • Purbeck stone shipped from Poole in increasing quantity.
 
1714

Death of Queen Anna; King George I crowned

 

 
1714
 
1715

Death of Louis XIV

 

 
1715
 
1717

John Bennett dies at age 47

 

 
1717
 
1718

Bank of England issues Bank notes.

Roger sets off for Nassau with 150 men at arms

 

 
1718
 
1719

Edward Teach ‘Blackbeard’ killed in North Caroline

 

 
1719
 
1721

Roger returns penniless from the Bahamas

 

 
1721
 
1726

The first school established in Newfoundland

 

 
1726
 
1727

End of Piracy’s ‘Golden Age’

Quakers object to slave trade

 

 
1727
 
1728

Roger goes out again to Bahamas as Royal Governor

 

 
1728
 
1732

Rogers dies aged 63 in New Providence Nassau, Bahamas.

 

 
1732